Illegal immigration is a major concern which is often deemed by majority as a fruit of people’s main motivation to seek better quality of life and economic opportunities in other countries that are far more capable of providing what their own home country cannot.
Contrary to popular belief, illegal immigration is not purely problematic for it also has its own upsides. Some of its benefits are the following: First, illegal immigrants who pay sales taxes automatically become part of a country’s tax system, since they contribute a part of what they have earned to pay taxes. Next, a country’s demand for low wage workers is, most often than not, fulfilled because of the illegal immigrants who are willing to work for lower salary rates and zero benefits. Lastly, immigrants who make use of traditional banking services pay dividends to said banks. On the other side of the argument, there is also a list of cons that people need to take note of in order to fully understand the issue. As what many people may already know, illegal immigration gives rise to problems involving ethnic variation, overcrowding, human trafficking, exploitation, judicial issues, overpopulation, and so on. To make things worse, illegal immigration also adds burden on the nation involved.
Malaysia’s Immigration Department has recently decided to deport 494 illegal immigrants by boarding them onto a C-130 military aircraft and flying them back to Indonesia. At present, there are approximately more than 6 million foreign migrants in Malaysia, and most of them went over national borders without legal documents. Most of these individuals are low wage workers that illegally work in factories, restaurants, plantations, construction sites, etc. (Cheng, 2014). This joint immigration correspondence between Indonesia and Malaysia is expected to ensure the deportation of more Indonesian illegal immigrants in the future. As of the moment, hundreds of illegal immigrants are kept in detentions centres in Malaysia, and are waiting to be flown back to Indonesia.
It has been reported that Indonesia will shoulder all the travel costs and document processing of the deportation of the illegal immigrants, while Malaysia imposes a cooling period that will most likely last for three to six months. This cooling period will not allow any illegal immigrant to return to Malaysia after the deportation; however, they can still go back to the said country once the cooling period is over given that they have prepared legal documents to use in order to work again in Malaysia. Because of this joint action of the Indonesian and Malaysian government, Malaysia was able to save money and effort from deporting nearly five hundred illegal immigrants and clamping down illegal labour as the country’s economy starts to slow.
Illegally crossing international political borders, may it be through land, water, or air, is a major issue which will perhaps never become acceptable for most people mainly because it is an act which usually leads to the rise in the rate of criminal activities, trafficking, exploitation, spread of diseases, and unfair competition between illegal immigrants and a country’s native citizens who constantly seek job opportunities. While it cannot be denied that finding a solution for illegal immigration is extremely difficult, it is not impossible to employ efficient methods that can gradually reduce its negative effects.